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Home » Our Services » Management of Ocular Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

Abstract Older Man Suffering from Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes interferes with the body's natural processes for using and storing sugar, leaving excessive amounts of sugar in the bloodstream which can cause damage to blood vessels and various parts of the body- including the eyes and visual system.  Diabetic retinopathy is when this condition results in progressive damage to the retina at the back of the eye.  The retina is a light-sensitive tissue that is essential for vision, and diabetic retinopathy, if left untreated, will eventually lead to blindness. Unfortunately, despite the fact that proper monitoring and treatment can successfully halt the progression of diabetic eye disease, it is still the leading cause of new cases of blindness in adults in the United States.

Top 5 Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy progressively damages the blood vessels of the retina to the point that they begin to leak blood and fluids. This leakage causes swelling in the retinal tissue which can impact your ability to focus causing vision loss and if left untreated will cause blindness. Retinopathy typically affects both eyes and often will have no easily detectable symptoms in the early stages - making regular eye exams essential for anyone with diabetes. The longer an individual has had diabetes, the more likely it is that they will have some degree of retinopathy.

Symptoms that diabetics can experience include:

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Seeing floaters or spots
  • Difficulty reading or seeing close objects
  • Double Vision
  • Poor Night Vision

Untreated diabetic retinopathy can also lead to a detached retina. This can happen if the disease has progressed to proliferative retinopathy in which new, fragile blood vessels grow in the retina and the vitreous at the back of the eye. The blood vessels can break, leaking fluid and causing the growth of scar tissue which can cause the retina to detach. If left untreated this can cause blindness as well.

Many of the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy, particularly in the early stages of vision loss, can be reversed with proper treatment and the proper management of blood sugar levels.  Diabetics with or without retinopathy must see an eye doctor at least once a year for a comprehensive eye exam to monitor any changes and ensure that problems are detected as early as possible so that proper treatment can be prescribed.